ジェームズ・P・ジュール(James Prescott Joule 1818-1889)の論文

   




ジュールと言えばエネルギー(仕事)の単位[J]の人ですが、水の中の羽根車を、滑車を通して取り付けたおもりで動かして水をかきまぜ、水温の変化を測定して、熱量と仕事量とが等価であることを示したことで有名なイギリスの科学者です。

ジュールの論文

  1. The Scientific Papers of James Prescott Joule Volume I (Cambridge University press)
  2. Description of an electro-magnetic engine
  3. Description of an electro-magnetic engine, with experiments
  4. On the use of electro-magnets made of iron wire for the electro-magnetic engine
  5. Investigations in magnetism and electro-magnetism
  6. Investigations in magnetism and electro-magnetism
  7. Description of an electro-magnetic engine
  8. On electro-magnetic forces
  9. On electro-magnetic forces
  10. On electro-magnetic forces
  11. Description of a new electro-magnet
  12. On a new class of magnetic forces
  13. On voltaic apparatus
  14. On the production of heat by voltaic electricity
  15. On the heat evolved by metallic conductors of electricity, and in the cells of a battery during electrolysis
  16. On the electric origin of the heat of combustion
  17. On the electrical origin of chemical heat
  18. On Sir G. C. Haughton’s experiments
  19. On the heat evolved during the electrolysis of water
  20. On the calorific effects of magneto-electricity, and on the mechanical value of heat
  21. On the intermittent character of the voltaic current in certain cases of electrolysis and on the intensities of various voltaic arrangements
  22. On the changes of temperature produced by the rarefaction and condensation of air
  23. On specific heat
  24. On a new method for ascertaining the specific heat of bodies
  25. Note on the employment of electrical currents for ascertaining the specific heat of bodies
  26. On the mechanical equivalent of heat. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Vol. 140 (1850), pp. 61- 82 (PDF at jstore.org)
  27. On the existence of an equivalent relation between heat and the ordinary forms of mechanical power (PDF at tandfonline.com)
  28. On the heat disengaged in chemical combinations
  29. On the effects of magnetism upon the dimensions of iron and steel bars
  30. On matter, living force, and heat
  31. On the mechanical equivalent of heat, as determined from the heat evolved by the function of fluids
  32. On the theoretical velocity of sound
  33. Expériences sur l’identité entre le calorique et la force méchanique. Détermination de l’équivalent par la chaleur dégagée pendant la friction du mercure
  34. On shooting-stars
  35. On the mechanical equivalent of heat, and on the constitution of elastic fluids
  36. Some remarks on heat and the constitution of elastic fluids
  37. On the mechanical equivalent of heat
  38. On a remarkable appearance of lightning
  39. On some amalgams
  40. On the air-engine
  41. Account of experiments with a powerful electro-magnet
  42. On the economical production of mechanical effect from chemical forces
  43. An account of some experiments with a large electro-magnet
  44. Introductory research on the induction of magnetism by electric currents
  45. On the fusion of metals by voltaic electricity
  46. Note on Dalton’s determination of the expansion of air by heat
  47. On the utilization of the sewage of London and other large towns
  48. Notice of experiments on the heat developed by friction in air
  49. On the intensity of light during the recent solar eclipse
  50. On an improved galvanometer
  51. On the thermo-electricity of ferruginous metals, and on the thermal effects of stretching solid bodies
  52. On the thermal effects of longitudinal compression of solids, with an investigation on the alterations of temperature accompanying changes of pressure in fluids
  53. On some thermo-dynamic properties of solids
  54. On the thermal effects of compressing fluids
  55. On a method of testing the strength of steam-boilers
  56. Experiments on the total heat of steam
  57. Experiments on the passage of air through pipes and apertures in thin plates
  58. On some amalgams
  59. On the probable cause of electric storms
  60. On the surface-condensation of steam
  61. Notice of a compressing air-pump
  62. Note on a mirage at Douglas
  63. On a sensitive barometer
  64. On a sensitive thermometer
  65. Note on the meteor of February 6th, 1818
  66. On a method of hardening steel wires for magnetic needles
  67. On an instrument for showing rapid changes in magnetic declination
  68. Determination of the dynamical equivalent of heat from the thermal effects of electric currents
  69. Observations on the alteration of the freezing-point in thermometers
  70. On a new balance
  71. The Scientific Papers of James Prescott Joule Volume 2 (Cambridge University Press)
  72. Experiments and observations on the mechanical powers of electro-magnetism, steam, and horses with Dr. Scoresby
  73. On atomic volume and specific gravity with Sir Lyon Playfair
  74. On the thermal effects experienced by air in rushing through small apertures with Sir Wm. Thomson
  75. On the thermal effects of fluids in motion with Sir Wm. Thomson
  76. On the thermal effects of elastic fluids with Sir Wm. Thomson
  77. On the thermal effects of fluids in motion with Sir Wm. Thomson.

ジェームズ・P・ジュールの業績を解説した論文

  1. ジュールによる熱の仕事当量の測定実験(岡本正志 受理日:2002 年11 月12 日 熱測定
  2. Heat, work and subtle fluids: a commentary on Joule (1850) ‘On the mechanical equivalent of heat’ (John Young 13 April 2015)

参考

      1. 化学熱力学入門(由井宏治 オーム社 2013年)
      2. 熱量とエネルギーの等価性(2016-04-28 42.物理備忘録 - 津江研究室別館 -  宇宙見物 ~科学を通して世界を眺める~ )

 - 物理学, 科学史